Baku is the capital of Azerbaijan and the largest city of Transcaucasia, which is located on the shore of the Caspian Sea. This is a truly captivating place, a prosperous center of oil-and-gas industry that is also famous for its hypnotic architecture. Only a few cities in the world can boast of such cardinal and quick changes happened in Baku.
Owing to modern futuristic buildings mixed with beautiful Azerbaijan structures reflecting rich culture of the country, the architecture of Baku is really stunning. We offer the list of the most interesting and bright buildings of this wonderful city.
The Maiden Tower
The Maiden Tower is the main landmark of Baku, which is the most important symbol of the city and the whole Azerbaijan. Straight out from the Tower built in XII century at the south end of the Old City (Ichari Shahar) one can look to the stunning views of the sea and Baku in all its magnificence. This cultic imposing building remains a great mystery to present day even for the locals: nobody knows the precise date of construction and what it was built for.
Palace of the Shirvanshahs
Palace of the Shirvanshahs is the last residence of Shirvanshahs (the rulers). This is the biggest monument of Shirvan-Absheron architecture, which is situated in the walls of the Old City. The palace is a great example of Azerbaijan medieval architecture built in XV century. It stands on the highest hill of the Old City featuring residential buildings, mosques and mausoleums. Due to the intricate design and beautiful massive domes, the Palace of the Shirvanshahs is a true masterpiece.
Azerbaijan Carpet Museum
This museum is one of the most unique establishments representing the richest collection of Azerbaijan rugs. The museum exhibits various pieces of applied art, as well as marvelous works of the modern weavers and craftsmen. If this isn’t enough to persuade you to visit the museum, look at its exterior in the form of a giant rug and you’ll understand that you shouldn’t miss it.
Flame Towers are the highest buildings in Baku. They are 190 meters high. The Towers are situated at the very heart of Baku creating an prodigious silhouette. The complex consists of three towers imitating tongues of flame. Try to look at them from the shore at the lower part of Baku or from the Old City and you won’t be disappointed. One of the Towers is the famous Fairmont hotel, and other two Towers are residential apartments and offices.
The Heydar Aliyev Center
The Heydar Aliyev Center was built in 2012 under the guidance of incredible Zaha Hadid. The building is famous for its smooth forms without sharp corners – a visiting card of the legendary architect. The center with the area of striking 60 thousand sq.m. is really amazing. Gorgeous glass front conceals a concert hall, a gallery and a museum.
Port Baku Towers
Port Baku Towers are office skyscrapers that are the first converting architectural objects made for the port lands. The modern style buildings stand near the sea port. The complex includes two towers – the northern and the shouthern ones featuring 14 and 33 storeys correspondingly. The buildings include A-class offices, selling spaces, international spa and health center, restaurants and cafes.
The Magomayev Azerbaijan State Philharmonic Hall
The Azerbaijan State Philharmonic Hall is a concert complex built in 1910-1912 as a project of “Summer public meetings building”. Since 1937 the philharmonic bears a name of Muslim Magomayev. It is a cultural center that guards traditions of national and classic music.