BAUMGARTEN’S AESTHETICA. MARY J. GREGOR. Although the content of Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten’s. Aesthetica1 seems to be familiar in German. L’estetica (Aesthetica) [Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Book by Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten. Aesthetica. by Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten. Publication date Usage Public Domain Mark Topics bub_upload. Publisher Kleyb.

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The painter baumgartfn nature with brush and colors; the musician through beat and harmony; the poet, however, through a discourse that is rhythmic or otherwise well arranged; or, which is much the same, through a harmonious and good-sounding text, which we call a poem.


This is Marcus Herz —Herder’s junior by three years. His History of Ancient Art does cite Du Bos, Batteux, and the essays of Hume, however, and he had clearly absorbed some of the most general ideas of eighteenth-century aesthetics.

Share your thoughts with other customers. The two volumes cover just under a third of Baumgarten’s original plan, although they may have included the most original part of the plan. We may now turn to the famous controversy between Lessing and Winckelmann, built upon Mendelssohn’s distinction between the arts baumgzrten form and the arts of movement. The central tenets of his metaphysics and psychology are that the human mind is baumgarteb representational, so that desire and will as well as cognition are forms of representation, and that the ultimate source aeesthetica all of our pleasurable sentiments is the unhindered activity of our capacity for representation.

This is why he aestheyica Lessing in such detail, for example, and why some of his most important claims in aesthetics are contained in the essays on Ossian and Shakespeare.

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Aesthetica | work by Baumgarten |

It was written in Latin, like Baumgarten’s other works, and was the first work ever to use the name of the new discipline as a title. However, as he proceeds Wolff makes it clear that the intention of an architect is always to produce a structure that is both formally beautiful as well as useful and comfortable, so the perfection that subsists in the bahmgarten between intention and outcome in fact consists in the perfection of both form and utility in the building itself.

ComiXology Thousands of Digital Comics. But as far as Mendelssohn is concerned, his explanation of the faculty of approval shows that his basic theory has not changed. But he will argue that the exercise of various of our powers, indeed as we are about to see bodily as well as mental powers, is itself a perfection that we enjoy, so this might at least point toward the idea that the source of pleasure in beauty is the free play xesthetica the those powers.

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His account further prepares the ground for the full-blown theory of aesthetic experience as based in a play of our powers that will subsequently be achieved by Kant and Schiller. Winckelmann’s History of Ancient Artpublished nine years after the essay on imitation, reaffirms his general commitment to contemporary aesthetics as well as his particular emphasis on a certain kind of mental condition as the ultimate source baumgaryen physical beauty.

18th Century German Aesthetics

This definition enunciates a clear position on the ontological status of beauty, which will often be vexed in the eighteenth century.

Wolff’s successors will struggle to avoid the limitations on the cognitive significance of aesthetic response that follow from baumgaften definition of pleasure as a kind of sense perception and the limits he places on the cognitive significance of sense perception. Sulzer’s more conventional view that the fine arts serve morality by enlivening our moral feelings explains his recognition of the value of the ugly as well as the beautiful in art: Living cognition becomes alive through the sensible representations.

Wolff certainly does not have the idea of the fine arts as a domain of human production and response that differs in some essential way from all other forms of human aesthetoca and response, thus he does not have the idea of aesthetics as a discipline that will focus on what distinguishes the fine arts and our response to them from everything else.

He was working on a revision of it when he was murdered in Trieste in June ofwhile returning to Rome from Vienna, where the Empress Maria Theresa had awarded him a collection of gold and silver medallions.

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten – Wikipedia

Nonetheless, we would not thereby have achieved everything and certainly not what is most fundamental, simple, and primary…. And no doubt Wolff hardly thought it necessary to spell out the moral benefits of such a recognition. Consequently I have an understanding, for insight into the connections of things, that is, reason ratio ; and a faculty for indistinct insight into the connections of things, which consists of the following: Here beautiful nakedness appeared with such a liveliness of expression, such truth and variety of situations, such a noble air of the body, as it would be ridiculous to look for in any hired model of our academies.

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Experts in the relevant art can make those rules explicit. Herder is thus no straightforward historicist or cultural relativist. However, Herder quickly adds that not any kind of beauty can do this: Paradoxically, poetry’s use of artificial rather than natural signs, which allows it to achieve the effects of aesthwtica and music combined, aesthdtica allows it to engage our deepest emotions more thoroughly than those other arts, including ultimately the joyous feeling of being alive itself, even though the other arts use natural signs and might therefore have been thought to be more effective.

To general statements on beauty as unity and simplicity Historyp. A poet is a skilled imitator of all natural things; and this he has in common with painters, connoisseurs of music, etc.

However, this opening sally against Lessing is misleading in two regards, first for its suggestion that the task for aesthetics is to give a better explanation of beauty than Lessing did and second for its suggestion that aesthetics must be grounded on a metaphysical distinction between mind and body. It is in this sense that aeathetica can present more truth to us than either painting or music alone.

But he also emphasized that aesthetic experience is an intrinsically enjoyable and therefore valuable experience of the unhindered activity of the mind. In continuing his discussion of poetry in the first GroveHerder initially emphasizes the broader reach of aestherica But while Meier stressed the activity of the mind and Baumgarten argued that aesthetic experience is based in an analogue of reason, not reason itself, neither was quite ready to introduce the idea of the free play of our mental powers as the fundamental source of our pleasure in aesthetic experience.

What does this mean in practice? Breitinger —76 taught Greek, Hebrew, logic, and rhetoric, and edited the works of the German Baroque poet Martin Opitz. Herz was born to a Jewish scribe and his wife in Berlin inand received a traditional talmudic education.