Major Threat(s): The habitat of this species has declined widely because of clearing for settlement, timber and agriculture, resulting in populations becoming . Couroupita guianensis, commonly known as cannonball tree, is a soft-wooded, deciduous tropical tree of the Brazil nut family that typically matures to ‘. PDF | Couroupita guianensis Aubl. belong to family Lecythidaceae and commonly known as cannon ball tree, locally known as „ “Kailashpati”. It is distributed.

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On windy days, the fruits often bang against each other on the tree creating a sound reportedly resembling a cannonade. Couratari pedicellaris Rizzini Couroupita acreensis R.

Edible Plant Parts and Uses: What is an indicator species? At night, the 6 petaled, orange-red flowers are strongly perfumed. Simple, alternate, in dense bunches at the ends of the branches on 0. Fruits are edible, vinous and pleasant and are occasionally eaten, but the smell of the white flesh discourages most people from trying them. Lowland semi-deciduous rainforest and river banks, subjected to periodic flooding.

Knuth Couroupita antillana Miers Couroupita froesii R. Tell me more What is biodiversity? Last update on The flowers produce two types of pollen: The habitat of this species has declined widely because of clearing for couuroupita, timber and agriculture, resulting in populations becoming threatened at a national level.

Found in 41 classifications See all 41 approved classifications in which this taxon appears.

Fruit Gardening Vegetable Gardening. Some trees flower profusely until the entire trunk is covered with racemes.

Each fruit typically takes 1 year or more to mature. Couroupita guianensis Photo by: Prefers full sun but will tolerate low light. For reasons that remain unclear, after C.

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Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from couroupitz. The flowers are couroupiha scented, and are especially fragrant at night [8] and in the early morning.

Specific epithet is in reference to the Guianas where this tree is native. The flowers are attached to an upwardly bent, white, fleshy disk. Common names in other languages include many translations of the English cannonball tree. Inflorescences cauline, usually unbranched racemes, sometimes covering the entire trunk. Inside there is a dense pulp carrying tiny seeds. As a juvenile, the bunched leaves look like those of species of Pouteria Sapotaceaewhich has latex, or possibly Alseis blackiana Rubiaceaethough its leaves are opposite Trunk: EOL has data for 12 traits See all 12 traits for this taxon.

Sign up for our e-newsletter. It is primarily cokroupita to rainforests in the Guianas French Guiana, Suriname and Guyana in northeastern South America, but has been widely planted in a number of different tropical to semi-tropical areas around the world.

The seeds are covered with trichomes which may protect them as they pass through the animals’ digestive systems. Androecium prolonged on one side into a flat hood, with a stamen-free area between the staminal ring and the hood proper, the hood white or pale yellow tinged with pink externally, the ring stamens with white filaments and white or pale yellow anthers, the hood staminodes often white at the very base, pink for most of length, and yellow at apex, sometimes white for most of length and yellow at apex.

Comprehensive Description Read full entry. Its very neat appearance and stature makes it perfect for Park, Shade ans Specimens. Plants of Economic Significance Comprehensive List other items. Edible Medicinal and Nonmedicinal Plants. It is relatively easy to grow and very adaptable to soil type. Retrieved from ” https: Reviewed by 1 curator Learn how to curate. Present in 45 collections See all 45 collections in which this page appears.

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The fruit takes up to a year to mature in most areas, sometimes as long as 18 months. Genus name is a modification of the name of a native tree used in Tropical America.

Couroupita guianensis

In cool temperate climates e. There are many stamens in the center of the flowers. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Because of this, the sal tree is revered by many Buddhist people around the world. Couroupita guianensisknown by a variety of common names including cannonball tree, [3] is a deciduous tree in the family Lecythidaceaewhich also includes the Brazil nut Bertholletia excelsa and Paradise nut Lecythis zabucajo.

Trees grown in public places often have warning signs about falling fruit. One tree can hold as many as flowers couroupitw day. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region.

Cannonball Tree – Couroupita guianensis – Overview – Encyclopedia of Life

Each individual flower blooms for only one day. It is native to the rainforests of Central and South America[1] and it is cultivated in many other tropical couroupota throughout the world because of its beautiful, fragrant flowers and large, interesting fruits.

Knuth Couroupita guianensis var.