Franciscan missionary, b. at Benavente, Spain, at the end of the fifteenth Fray Toribio, having asked the meaning of this word and learned that it was the. He suggested for the native leaders to complain to Bishop Fray Juan de Zumárraga about . Catholic Encyclopedia on Fray Toribio de Benavente Motolinia. Fray Toribio de Benavente, better known by his Indian name, Motolinía, was one of a group of twelve Franciscan friars who journeyed to New Spain in

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Nahua woman from the Florentine Codex.

Overall rating No ratings yet 0. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Francis of Assisifounder of dray Order of Friars Minor; oldest known portrait in existence of the saint, dating back to St. Catholic Online School Free Catholic education for all. According to Fray Toribio, how did the native peoples respond to the smallpox epidemic?

Toribio de Benavente Motolinia – Encyclopedia Volume – Catholic Encyclopedia – Catholic Online

Ratings and Reviews 0 0 star ratings 0 reviews. Many Indians died there, and it was many years before they completely demolished the temples, from which they obtained an enormous amount of stone. Criollos rejoice upon learning about the declaration of independence from Spain on 15 September The tenth plague was the divisions and factions which existed among the Spaniards in Mexico; this was the one that most endangered the country, had it not been that the Lord kept the Indians blinded.

They had to be kept from fighting both because it endangered the Spanish possession of the country and because it was known that the Indians were ready for war and had made provision of arms and were only awaiting the arrival of an expected piece of news. The citys coat of arms refers to a city which is protected by one by side.

Catholic Online Singles Safe, secure Catholic dating. Francis was the son of a cloth merchant, but gave up his wealth to pursue his faith more fully.

Cambridge University Pressp. Ever since, the left-wing Party of the Democratic Revolution has controlled both of them, in recent years, the local government has passed a wave of liberal policies, such as abortion on request, a limited form of euthanasia, no-fault divorce, and same-sex marriage.

File:Benavente – Bajorrelieve de Fray Toribio de Benavente, ‘Motolinía’.jpg

Among the writings of Motolinia is his famous letter to Emperor Charles Vwritten on 2 January, The captains waged war savagely along the highways and tore down every bit of the city that they captured; before this practice was instituted, so as the Spaniards retired to their campes at night the Indians re-took all that the Spaniards had won during the day and reopened the highways.

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I am the one who is taking away your idols, because I know that they are devils and not gods. The ninth plague was the service of the mines, to which the heavily laden Indians traveled sixty leagues or more to carry provisions; the food which they carried for themselves gave out when they reached the mines and sometimes on the way back before they reached home; sometimes they were kept by the miners for several days to help them get out the mineral or to build houses for them or to serve them, and when their food gave out they died, either at the mines or on the road, for they had no money to buy food and there was no one to give it to them.

As they were unable to plant because of the great wars, some of them defending the land and helping the Mexicans and others fighting on the side of the Spaniards, and as what was planted by one side was cut down and laid waste by the other, they had nothing to eat. A contemporary painting of King Ferdinand “The Catholic”. Amazon Drive Cloud storage from Amazon. At this time New Spain was extremely full of people, and when the smallpox began to attack the Indians it became so great a pestilence among them throughout the land that in most provinces more than half the population died; in others the proportion was little less.

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Category:Toribio de Benavente, Motolinía

Antonio was not just a child convert but would have become heir to a principal lord of Tlaxcala. Greenwood Press, The Dominican Order was famous for its adherence to firm doctrinal positions, which meant that they refused baptism to Indians in Mexico if were deemed with a lack of knowledge in the tenets of Christianity. Motolinia said the first Mass here on 16 April,and with his companions made the allotments of land choosing for the convent the site upon which is still to be seen the beautiful church of Ftay Francisco.

Having founded many cloisters and convents in Mexico and baptized an estimated ,plus Indians, he retired to the friary of San Francisco in Mexico City, where he died in The Ee migrated to Nicaragua from central Mexico after BC, meanwhile, the Caribbean coast of Nicaragua was inhabited by other peoples, mostly Chibcha language groups.

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After the Spanish benaveente of the Inca Empire in opened up the vast territories of South America to further conquests, torinio Crown established an independent Viceroyalty of Peru there in The second plague was the great number of those who died in the conquest of New Spain, especially around Mexico. Kindle Cloud Reader Read instantly in your browser.

When Cortes set out on the expedition to Las Hibueras, the influence of Motolinia over the Indians was so great that the conqueror commissioned him to see that “no rising took place in Mexico or the other provinces” during his absence. When Don Sebastian Ramirez de Fuenleal, president of the second Audiencia, decided to found the settlement of Puebla, Fray Toribio, who had joined in requesting this foundation, was one of the commissioners chosen to carry out the work, with the auditor Don Juan de Salmeron.


File:Benavente – Bajorrelieve de Fray Toribio de Benavente, ‘Motolinía’.jpg – Wikimedia Commons

The fact that no careful investigation was made and that branding was cheap produced so many marks on dr faces, in addition to the roval brand, that they had their faces covered with letters, for they bore the marks of all who had bought and sold them. Hermitage of Soledad Caracol Tower Fiestas de la Veguilla, the local celebration in honour of the Virgen de la Vega to celebrate the torno al llamado. The eighth plague was the slaves whom the Spaniards made in order to put them to work in the mines.

Los lagos de san Vicente. Franciscans traveled and preached in the streets, while boarding in church properties, Saint Clare, under Franciss guidance, founded the Poor Clares inwhich remains a Second Order of the Franciscans.

Civil and church authorities often clashed over policies, and Fray Toribio became an outspoken critic of “the Spaniards,” his epithet for Spanish laity whose maltreatment of the Indians was, he believed, jeopardizing not only his efforts to convert the native peoples but also the entire Spanish colonial enterprise. From tohe worked in Guatemala and perhaps Nicaraguastudying the new missions in that area.

Valor, agravio y mujer.